Rush, Benjamin (1745-1813) Physician and Social Reformer: Benjamin Rush was born in Byberry Township, Pennsylvania, in December 24, 1745. His father died when young Rush was six years old. After graduating from the College of New Jersey (later called Princeton), Rush went to the University of Edinburgh in Scotland to continue his medical studies. Attending medical lectures in England, as well as France, where he met and befriended Benjamin Franklin, who helped him pay for his expenses. Rush returned to the United States in 1769, settling in Philadelphia and obtaining a position teaching chemistry in Philadelphia's Medical College. As the movement toward revolution began, Rush became a strong patriot. In addition, he published essays on slavery, temperance and health in 1771. A signer of the Declaration of Independence, he was appointed Physician-General, helping tend the wounded in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine and other battles. During the war, Rush wrote public letters against the Articles of Confederation. In 1778, Rush resigned from his military office because of the unfairness of the manner in which hospital stores were used for soldiers, as well as the ill feeling that had developed between himself and General George Washington. Returning to Philadelphia, Rush set up a medical practice, and resumed his duties as professor. For 29 years, he was surgeon to the Pennsylvania hospital, and served as port physician to Philadelphia from 1790 to 1793. Founder of Dickinson College and the Philadelphia Dispensary, he was a major proponent of public education, about which he wrote extensively. In 1787, he served on the Pennsylvania Convention which ratified the US Constitution, and was involved in the creation of the Pennsylvania Constitution, as well. In 1793, Philadelphia was struck by a severe epidemic of yellow fever. Rush was one of the few doctors who chose to remain in the city to help tend the sick. Due to his request, many African Americans also remained in the city to help the sick, some at the cost of their lives. From 1799 to the end of his life, Rush was the treasurer of the US Mint. In addition, he served as president of the Pennsylvania Society for the Abolition of Slavery; president of the Philadelphia Medical Society; vice-president and co-founder of the Philadelphia Bible Society; and vice-president of the American Philosophical Society. A renown lecturer in medicine, Rush made Philadelphia a center for medical studies in the United States. In addition to his many writings on philosophy, education, politics, and other social issues; he wrote extensively on medical topics. Rush died on April 19, 1813, in Philadelphia.
Ross, Robert - History
The gaelic word "ros" means a "headland" and is often used as part of place names in Scotland. There was an ancient Celtic earldom of Ross in the north-east of Scotland, in what is now the county of Ross and Cromarty, between the Cromarty and Dornoch Firths, north of Inverness. The clan was sometimes referred to as Clan Anrias or Gille Andras/Gillanders, the old Celtic Earls of Ross, who were said to have descended from Gillianrias, the son of the hereditary abbot at the monastery of Applecross.
In 1214, when Alexander II led an army to the north to repress a rebellion by Donald Bane, who was claiming the throne, Clan Ross assisted the king and was rewarded with the title Earl of Ross. The Rosses fought at the Battle of Largs against the Vikings in 1263.
The clan and their chief served with distinction in the Wars of Independence against the English. Their chief was captured at the Battle of Dunbar in 1296 and was taken as a prisoner to London. He was released but was captured again while protecting Robert the Bruce's wife and daughter at the shrine of St Duthac in Tain. The clan fought bravely at Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 and the earl's seal is one of those on the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320. Hugh Ross married a sister of Robert the Bruce and fell at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333.
The earldom was forfeited when the Lord of the Isles was defeated in 1476 but the surname survived and the chieftainship devolved to the Rosses of Balnagowan near Tain. The 12th chief led 1,000 of his clansmen against Oliver Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester in 1651. However, many were captured and transported to the colonies in New England.
After a long struggle with the neighbouring clan MacKays , the clan Ross was defeated at a battle at Strathcarron by the Mackays in 1486 and never recovered. Despite this, Ross is still one of the five most frequent names in the northern Highlands and the 16th most frequently registered in the whole of Scotland in 1995.
A Norman family called de Ros settled in south-west Scotland in the 11th century and some of their descendants also became known as "Ross" or sometimes "Rose". At one time they managed to convince the Lord Lyon that they were the chieftains of the clan Ross but this was overturned in 1903 and David Ross of Ross and Shandwick is the current chief.
The Ross motto is "Spem successus alit" - literaly, "Success nourishes hope", which nowadays we would call "Success breeds success".
The Corbet, Dingwall, Duthie, Fair, Gillanders, Haggart, McLulich, MacTaggart, MacTear, MacTire, Taggart, Train, Vass and Wass families are all regarded as septs (sub-branches) of the powerful Clan Ross.
There is a Clan Ross Web site here .
Their first appearance was in Spooky Month: The Stars. They block Skid & Pump's path on the sidewalk, Roy calling them losers, and the trio then physically abusing the two. Roy tricks them into going into an abandoned house, saying there's a 'spooky party'. Ross and Robert happily do the Spooky Dance in the background. Later on, Eyes Of The Universe show up and hypnotize the three.
They then again appear in Spooky Month: Unwanted Guest. Roy blocks their path and calls them dumb, but Ross and Robert are shaking, scared they remember Skid & Pump were friends with Eyes Of The Universe. Roy is now also scared, as he realizes it wasn't a dream. Roy then snaps at the two kids, but notices the Happy Fella. Robert notes that his sister likes the Happy Fella, but Roy comes up with an idea, presumably beating up the kids and ruining their toy, as the kids are shown to be dizzied, with their toy ruined. Skid is stuffed inside the box, while Pump is wearing the Happy Fella outfit.
Robert Ross was a British officer during the War of 1812. By a quirk of fate, Ross became a friend of Irish born Patrick Driscol, soldier and later political leader of the Confederacy of the Arkansas.
The War of 1812 [ edit | edit source ]
The Battle of the Capitol [ edit | edit source ]
Ross had seen plenty of action by the time in arrived in North America in 1814. He led attack against American forces at the Battle of Bladensburg on August 24, 1814. While the British successfully routed the Americans, Ross was keenely aware that his men sustained higher casualties than the Americans did. Thus, he was far less blaise about reports that American troops had prepared to defend the Capitol Building in Washington. However, his superior, Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane had ordered that the British march on the city, and Cochrane's immediate subordinate, Rear Admiral George Cockburn (himself contemptuous of the reports about the Capitol) was determined to carry out Cochrane's wishes.
Thus, despite his misgivings, Ross ordered a march on Washington. While he wanted to flank the Capitol, he was quickly overridden by Cockburn, who just assumed that the Americans in the building would roll over.
Ross's concerns were quickly validated, as the Americans were not impressed by the British Congreve rockets and proved murderously accurate with their artillery. While Ross intended to lead from the front, his horse was shot out from beneath him. He secured another, and made it to the front just as musket fire was exchanged.
Ross was soon under the mustket fire of a platoon under Patrick Driscol's command. Only luck saved him: his horse took most of the musket balls, with Ross receiving a ball to the shoulder and to the ribs. He was also thrown clear of his horse before it fell on him when a bullet snapped the saddle girth. He knocked unconscious on the field, and quickly carried away by his adoring men.
Maintaining Command [ edit | edit source ]
Despite his injuries, Ross forced himself to remain concious long enough to pass command on to Colonel Arthur Brooke and insure Cockburn would not launch a second assault. Ross ordered a siege instead, and permitted Brooke to detach 300 men to Cockburn's command for the purpose of burning the American Executive Mansion. When Brooke reported that Ross's orders had been met, Ross lost conciousness.
Later, Brooke awoke Ross upon the arrival American militia men under flag of truce. The militia brought Captain Sam Houston's proposal that there be a truce to allow a collection of the wounded. Ross agreed, and had Brooke begin the collection. Ross conveyed his wish that Houston be promoted from captain to major or colonel, as Ross couldn't bear the thought that he'd been defeated by a mere captain. When the militia inadvertently told Ross that Secretary of State James Monroe was also in the Capitol, Ross assured him that he had no intention of attacking the Capitol again, even to capture Monroe.
Surrender to the Americans [ edit | edit source ]
When Cockburn returned from setting fire to the Executive Mansion, Ross decided to retreat from Washington, and even cancelled the proposed attack on Baltimore, realzing that the defense of the Capitol would rally the Americans. He ordered Cockburn and Colonel Brooke to lead the retreat, and publically stated he would stay behind to keep up morale. In truth, he'd decided to surrender himself to the Americans the decision to delay the surgery on his wounds had created complications, and his surgeon could not treat them while on the retreat. While his aides expressed concern, Ross decided to take a chance that the Americans would obey the laws of war, which they did.
While in custody, Ross began a friendship with Patrick Driscol.
Louisiana [ edit | edit source ]
After Ross was exchanged to the British, he stubbornly refused to be returned to Britain for convalescence, instead insisting that he be allowed to accompany Admiral Alexander Cochrane to Louisiana in an advisory position. Cochrane ultimately agreed.
Ross was present on December 21, 1814, when Cochrane debriefed Lieutenant John Peddie as to American troop strength. Ross was dubious about civilian reports that claimed fifteen thousand men in New Orleans and another 3,000 at the English Turn, expressing his opinion that General Jackson would have something along the lines of 5,000 to 7,000 men. However, Ross pleaded for Cochrane to hold off on an attack until such time General Edward Pakenham, who had not yet arrived, could be present and have time to understand the full lay of the land. Cochrane, however, revealed that peace negoatiations at the city of Ghent were being deliberately stalled by the British in the hopes of taking New Orleans before terms could be finalized. It was hoped that, despite the unpopularity of the war in Britain, that New Orleans could become a British possession once peace was finalized. Cochrane felt he had no choice but to attack, and overruled Ross's concerns. Ώ]
By January 1, 1815, Ross was in the clutches of an illness. Realizing that his own side could do nothing for him, he asked Pakenham to surrender him to the Americans, and specifically requested Patrick Driscol take custody of him. However, it was Sam Houston who attended the initial parlay, and was able to take advantage of it by observing that the British were widening the canals behind their line. ΐ]
Ross was tended by Tiana Rogers in New Orleans, with some occasional help from Patrick Driscol. His fever broke on January 4. During his convalescence, Ross realized he'd come to disaprove of slavery, a position he shared with Driscol. Driscol actively hated the institution, and said as much. Still, this issue helped continue the odd bond between the two men. Ross also observed some of Driscol's preparations, but had no idea how the Americans planned to meet the British attack. Α] On January 8, when the battle came, Ross and Tiana listened to the fighting in the distance. Β]
Rise And Fall
During Diana Ross and Robert Ellis Silberstein's marriage, both of them enjoyed a great deal of success. For example, Diana Ross continued to regularly perform on stage and she also branched out into the acting world. For his part, Silberstein’s career also took off as he became a real estate speculator and he also began managing a lot of acts including Ross, Chaka Khan, and Meat Loaf among others.
While things were going good for the couple career-wise, on a personal level they had a lot of joy in their lives as well. After all, the couple had two children together, Tracee, and Chudney. According to the aforementioned People Magazine article, they likely had those kids together as they mostly were homebodies during their time together.
Sadly, Ross and Silberstein got divorced in 1977 but it seems clear that they did a good job co-parenting together. To this day, if you follow their famous daughter, Black-ish actor Tracee Ellis Ross, on social media, it is very clear that she deeply loves her father. Silberstein also remained in the lives of his ex-wife and the step-child he gained from their marriage, Rhonda. In fact, until Rhonda was 13 she thought Silberstein was her biological father instead of the man that actually filled that role, Berry Gordy.
We’ll keep you in the know on everything you love about Ross.
Follow Ross on Instagram to get the latest on in-store events, new merchandise and more!
Follow Ross on Facebook to get the latest on in-store events, new merchandise and more!
©2021 Ross Stores, Inc. All rights reserved. All merchandise is representative of the merchandise carried in our stores. Styles, colors, and items will vary by store.
If you have trouble accessing this website, please call 800-335-1115.
Robert Ross (1969-2021)
Robert “Black Rob” Ross was an American rapper formerly signed to the Bad Boy Records label and was best known for his hit single “Whoa!” Ross was born on July 12, 1969 in Buffalo, New York but he has kept many details about his early life a secret. He grew up in East Harlem and began rapping at the age of eleven, inspired by the storytellers of rap, Slick Rick and Doug E. Fresh. When Ross was twenty-two, he performed under the moniker “Bacardi Rob,” and formed his first group, The Schizophrenics, with friends Alto and Godzilla. The trio recorded several songs, but never released an album or single.
A friend introduced Ross to Sean “Puffy” Combs, resulting in a record deal with Bad Boy Records in 1996. He began to collaborate with other artists on the label such as 112, The Lox, Ma$e, and The Notorious B.I.G. Ross picked-up the torch as lead artist for the label after the death of B.I.G. He released his debut album Life Story in 1999, which reached platinum status, selling over a million copies. The album’s hit single “Whoa!” climbed to the top ten on R&B/ Hip-Hop lists and peaked at number forty-three on the Billboard chart.
Ross was jailed briefly in 2000 and in 2004 he pled guilty to stealing $6,000 worth of jewelry from a woman’s purse at a New York hotel. He was sentenced to jail in 2006, released in 2010, and subsequently dropped from Bad Boy Records. Ross then signed with the label, Duck Down Records, and released his second album, The Black Rob Report, in 2005 which did not reach the Billboard charts. His third album, Game Tested, Street Approved, was released in 2011 and peaked at number forty-four on the Billboard list. He also started his own Box-In-One record label with his new manager Jeremy Mosley the same year.
Ross joined the United Paramount Network (UPN) reality series Come Back Kings in July 2013, which featured Ed Lover, Calvin Richardson, Mr. Cheeks, Horace Brown, Lil Cease, Jeff Sanders, and David “Davinch” Chance among others. Ross released his fourth album, Genuine Article, in 2015 with Slimstyle Records. Later that year he suffered a stroke struck due to high blood pressure. He continued to struggle with his health over the next few years, suffering from a series of strokes, but reunited with the Bad Boy crew for the 2016 Bad Boy Family Reunion Tour.
Throughout his career Ross collaborated with numerous artists such as Akon, J. Lo (Jennifer Lopez), Cappadona, Ol’ Dirty Bastard, and Busta Rhymes among others. The decline in Ross’s health sent him to the hospital in April of 2017. He was on dialysis and his health deteriorated. A GoFundMe account was set-up to help him pay his medical expenses and he received over $7,000 in donations before the account closed.
Robert “Black Rob” Ross died of kidney failure at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia on April 17, 2021. He was fifty-one, never married, and had four children, son Million, and daughters Diamond, Rianna and Kayli.
The History of Bob Ross Auto
1974 Robert P. Ross Sr. was chosen to participate in General Motors’ 1st Minority Dealer Academy where he was the first graduate of the academy to be approved as an automobile dealer. Mr. Ross then purchased his first dealership, Vivian Buick, Opal and International Harvester Trucks in Richmond, Indiana, a dealership where he had worked as a lot attendant as a teenager. He was the 1st African-American to own an International Harvester franchise.
1979 Mr. Ross became the 1st African-American Owned Mercedes-Benz dealer in the world after 5 years of successful ownership in Richmond, IN he purchased Centerville, OH based Davis Buick and Mercedes-Benz.
1982 In an effort to further bolster his already successful Centerville Buick/Mercedes-Benz dealerships Mr. Ross purchased the dealership’s current GMC Truck franchise.
1984 Ross Motor Cars-Mercedes Benz started construction, The new Mercedes-Benz showroom allowed Mercedes-Benz sales to be exclusive of the other Ross franchises for the first time in the Auto Group’s history.
1990 Ross Motor Cars (Mercedes-Benz) completed construction of its new Service and Parts facility. In addition to creating a stand alone dealership this allowed Ross Motor Cars to better serve its Mercedes-Benz clients by providing more extensive Mercedes-Benz Sales, Service and Parts from a single convenient location located directly adjacent to the Buick/GMC property.
1995-1996 The Bob Ross Auto Group completed construction of a stand-alone GMC Truck facility (1995) and renovated the Buick dealership (1996). The Buick dealership’s new features included generous showroom space as well as one of the area’s finest New Vehicle delivery areas.
1997 The Ross family (Norma J. Ross (wife), Jenell Ross (daughter) and Robert Ross Jr. (son)) rallied together to continue the legacy, after the untimely passing of Robert P. Ross Sr.
1999- 2002 Under the leadership of Norma Ross the dealership was named one of the “Top 100 Companies in Dayton,” and “Auto Dealer of the Year from “Black Enterprise Magazine.” Thanks to her community leadership, care for her employees, and strong sense of business Norma was chosen as one of three Presbyterian women who received the women of “Faith Award,” in the United States.
2002 Once again the Bob Ross Auto Group was honored for their excellence in business and community service and in 2002 Norma received the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award. The Auto Group was selected over other retail/distribution related businesses throughout Ohio and Kentucky. In addition The Dayton Daily News honored Norma as one of “Dayton’s Ten Top Women.”
2003 Earlham College named and dedicated an office in the African and African American Studies department in Norma’s honor. The United States Department of Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA) presented her with the “National Minority Female Entrepreneur of the Year” award for both Ohio and the Ten-State Region of Chicago.
2008 The National Association of Minority Automobile Dealers (NAMAD) names Norma Ross their “2008 NAMAD Woman of the Year”. Additionally, the Dayton YWCA honored Norma Ross their “Women of Influence” based upon her contributions and commitment to her community.
2010 Jenell Ross assumes responsibility of The Bob Ross Auto Group after the untimely passing of her mother Norma J. Ross.
2011 Ross Motor Cars changes their name to Mercedes-Benz of Centerville and re-opens a newly renovated state of the art facility. Under the leadership of Jenell the dealership received the “Automobile Dealer of the Year,”award from “Black Enterprise Magazine.” In addition Jenell ranked in the Top 20 teams nationally for the (over $22K) funds raised for the American Breast Cancer Society Making Strides Against Breast Cancer Walk.
2012 Featured in Who’s Who Publication, “Driven II” a Tribute to African-American Woman Achievement in the Automobile Industry. Welcomed Bob Ross FIAT to the family, and opened the FIAT studio. The Bob Ross Auto Group completes renovations.
2013 Jenell Ross is named Chairwoman of the American International Automobile Dealers Association (AIADA).
2014 Bob Ross Auto Group celebrates 40 years of Buick sales and 35 years of Mercedes-Benz sales. A party was hosted in June by Jenell Ross as a thank you to customers and supporters for their loyalty over the last 40 years.
Betsy Ross House
While there is no doubt that the real Betsy Ross was worthy of interest in her own right, it is the legend of Betsy sewing the first stars and stripes that has made her an unforgettable historical figure.
The Betsy Ross story was brought to public attention in 1870 by her grandson, William Canby, in a speech he made to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Canby and other members of Betsy's family signed sworn affidavits stating that they heard the story of the making of the first flag from Betsy's own mouth.
According to the oral history, in 1776, three men - George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, visited Betsy Ross in her upholstery shop. She escorted them to her parlor, where they could have a private meeting. Here, Washington showed Betsy a sketch of a flag with thirteen red and white stripes and thirteen six-pointed stars.
Washington asked if Betsy could make a flag from the design. Betsy responded: "I do not know, but I will try."
This line was used in the sworn statements of many of Betsy's family members, suggesting that it is a direct quote from Betsy.
As the story goes, Betsy suggested changing the stars to five points rather than six. She showed them how to do it with just one snip of her scissors. They all agreed to change the design to have stars with five points.
Despite the absence of written records to prove the story, there are several reasons why historians believe it could be so:
- George Ross, a member of the Flag committee, was the uncle of Betsy's late husband, John. This could be one reason why Betsy was chosen to make the first flag. Another uncle-in-law, George Read, was a delegate from Delaware and a member of the Marine Committee with Robert Morris. Since making the flag was an act of treason, it is significant that these men would know of her allegiance to the Revolutionary cause.
- Betsy and John Ross made bed hangings for George Washington in 1774, so Washington would have been familiar with her and the quality of her work.
- It was common for upholsterers to take up other forms of work during wartime. They were no longer getting their regular upholstery work, so many upholsterers made money by making tents, uniforms, and flags for the soldiers.
- On May 29, 1777, Betsy Ross was paid a large sum of money from the Pennsylvania State Navy Board for making flags, and on June 14, 1777, Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as our official national flag.
- Betsy would continue to make flags for over 50 years, many of which were through government contracts. Many receipts exist for her work in the first two decades of the 19th century. For example, in 1811, Betsy made over 50 garrison flags for the U.S. Arsenal on the Schuylkill River.
- In the 18th century, flags were not revered as they are today. The flag had not yet become a symbol of liberty or patriotism it was more frequently regarded as a military tool like a tent or a uniform. Betsy Ross told her children and grandchildren the legendary story not because she had made the first flag, which was probably somewhat insignificant in her mind, but because General George Washington, a great man who would later become the first President of the United States, visited her home and asked her to make something for him.
Whether you choose to believe Betsy Ross made the first flag, there is no doubt that she was a prominent early American flag maker who stitched flags for the federal government for over 50 years.
Group Activities, Tours, and Unique Experiences
Plan your group trip to Historic Philadelphia with unique experiences from the Betsy Ross House, Franklin Square, and Once Upon A Nation! From interactive Storytelling tours and Philadelphia-themed mini golf to performances by historic reenactors, it's all listed right here!
Death and Legacy
The Joy of Painting was canceled in 1994 so that Ross could focus on his health the famous TV instructor and host had been diagnosed with lymphoma around that same time.
Ross died from lymphoma at the age of 52, on July 4, 1995, in New Smyrna Beach, Florida. The majority of his original oil paintings were donated to charities or to PBS stations. Today, Ross remains one of the best-known and highest-paid American painters. His legacy lives on through a number of facets, including a fan-based Twitter page of more than 67,000 followers.