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Stockton I - History

Stockton I  - History

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Stockton I

(Torpedo Boat No. 32: dp. 200, l. 175'; b. 17'8"; dr. 6'2" (mean); s. 25 k.; cpl. 29; a. 3 18" tt.; cl. Blakely)

The first Stookton was launched on 27 December 1899 by William R. Trigg Co., Richmond, Va., sponsored by Miss Katherine Stockton, and commissioned on 14 March 1901, Lt. Archibald H. Davis in command.

Stockton remained at Norfolk Navy Yard until 14 November 1901 when she sailed for Port Royal, S.C. Decommissioned on 16 November, she remained there into the following year. Recommissioned on 7 June 1902, Stockton steamed, via New London, Conn., to Newport, R.I. On 25 August, the torpedo boat was ordered to the Caribbean. Arriving at Key West, Fla., on 3 October 1902, Stockton subsequently cruised off Hispaniola and Puerto Rico before returning to Key West on 14 January 1903. She reached Norfolk a fortnight later and was decommissioned there on 16 February.

Stockton was recommissioned on 11 June 1906 and assigned to the 3d Torpedo Flotilla the following day. She remained on the United States east coast into 1909, attached to the 3d Torpedo Flotilla. Transferred to the 1st Torpedo Division on 9 September 1909, she participated in the Hudson-Fulton Centenary celebrations during October 1909.

Stockton was placed in reserve on 9 November 1909 and, but for occasional cruises as far north as New York, remained at Charleston Navy Yard into 1913. Decommissioned at Charleston Navy Yard on 14 November 1913, Stockton was struck from the Navy list on 15 November. On 25 May 1914, the torpedo boat was ordered prepared for use as a target and was sunk by battleships and destroyers of the Atlantic Fleet during September 1916.

A Stockton Inn History

This article is a continuation of the article by Egbert T. Bush titled “When Stockton Was Not So Dry.” (Part One and Part Two.) Today I will enlarge on Mr. Bush’s short history of the Stockton Inn, which is now for sale. It is my hope that by fleshing out this history, a purchaser might be found who will value it as well as the lovely architecture of the place.

Bartles & Vansyckel

When I left off, Charles Bartles and Aaron Vansyckel, the big real estate investors of Hunterdon County in the mid-19 th century, had purchased the Johnson tavern lot from Mahlon Fisher in 1849 for $4500. 1 The property was described as being “A certain farm, tract or parcel of land and Tavern” of 53.87 acres, which extended along Main Street from the old Howell’s Tavern lot to a point near the school, north along Route 523 and south to the river. It excluded land already conveyed to The Centre Bridge Company and the D&R Canal Company, plus a small lot cut out for Mahlon Fisher’s sawmill.

Note, 5/5/2021: While doing research for the article “A Stockton Hotel Register,” I discovered some missing owners of the hotel during the 1850s. I am adding them here now, and deleting a couple paragraphs that were based on a lack of information.

Bartles and Vansyckel were shrewd real estate investors. They saw the benefits of the Inn’s location where Asher Johnson built it, opposite the entrance to the new bridge across the Delaware River. On July 9, 1850, Bartles & Vansyckle sold to the Centre Bridge Company the property for a public road that would run from the feeder canal at the Bridge in “a straight line to the centre of the present Hall door of the tavern house now owned by the sd Bartles & Vansyckle.” 2 Hence, today’s Bridge Street.

Like their other properties, Bartles & Vansyckle were not involved in day-to-day maintenance of the Stockton site. They turned their attention to other investments and left Jeremiah Smith to run the tavern. He was in charge in 1851 when the Cornell Map showed “Smith’s Hotel” where the Stockton Inn is now. (For a view of that map go to the previous post, part two of Mr. Bush’s article.) It is interesting to me that the deed of 1849 referred to “the tavern lot,” but by 1851 the Cornell Map called it a hotel. The 1850 census described Jeremiah Smith as an Innkeeper, so if Asher Johnson had not been letting out rooms at his tavern, then Jeremiah Smith certainly was. Mr. Bush had written that after purchasing the lot, Bartles & Vansyckle enlarged the hotel in 1850, but he gave no source for that information. It may have been Smith who was in charge of the expansion.

William W. Mettler

On April 1, 1857, Bartles & Vansyckle created a new lot out of the original 53.87 acres amounting to 3.97 acres, and sold it to William W. Mettler of Delaware Township for $4500. 3 Later that month, on April 222nd, Mettler was granted a tavern license. I suspect that Mettler was already in charge of the tavern when he bought it. On October 26, 1856, he was appointed Postmaster of Stockton.

William W. Mettler was born in 1820. I am not sure who his parents were, but my guess is that his father was Reuben Mettler of Amwell (1780-1850) who was buried in the same cemetery, Amwell Ridge, as William was. I can say for certain that on May 23, 1840, William W. Mettler married Elizabeth Ann Bellis (1815-1849), daughter of David Bellis and Eleanor Schenck of Raritan Township. (The Bellis’s were also buried in the Amwell Ridge Cemetery.)

On April 4, 1859, Mettler was found dead in his cellar. The Hunterdon Republican reported that the cause of death was “a supposed apoplectic fit.” Because he had not written a will, administration of his estate was granted to Abraham Cray and Garret S. Bellis. On Nov. 16, 1859, they advertised the hotel property for sale those interested were invited to visit the place, where Bellis was in residence and Joseph Titus was operating it. A year later, on Nov. 10, 1860, Cray & Bellis sold the 3.97 acres to Joseph H. Titus of Stockton for $4830, at a public sale. 4

Joseph H. Titus

Titus, born Feb. 16, 1824, was probably the son of Theophilus Titus and Elizabeth LeGare. His wife’s name was Delilah Ann, but her maiden name is not known. The couple had 9 children, but most of them died as infants. They were counted in the Delaware Township census for 1860, with Titus as a hotel keeper owning property worth $6,000. The only hotel guest was on John Convoy 35, a Pennsylvania stone cutter.

Titus did not stick with it very long. On March 28, 1861, he sold the hotel and the lot of 3.97 acres to Thomas P. & Charles Holcombe for $6,000. 5 The Holcombe brothers were sons of Richard Holcombe and Elizabeth Closson of Lambertville. Charles had moved to Solebury, but Thomas settled in Stockton as early as 1821, purchasing the old Anderson farm south of town. In 1841, he bought the John Prall farm of 250 acres.

On Nov. 4, 1861, Charles and Thomas Holcombe sold the tavern lot of 3.97 acres to Robert Sharp of Delaware Township. 6 In the previous version of this article, I had written that Charles Bartles had conveyed his share of the lot of 53.87 acres in Stockton to Aaron Vansyckle, who then sold it to Robert Sharp. I was mistaken in thinking the tavern lot was located there. These were simply additional properties acquired by Sharp.

Robert Sharp

Robert Sharp was the eldest son of Col. John Sharp, one-time owner of the store lot described in Part One. He married Sarah Prall about 1843 and had four children with her. She died in 1851. About 1855, Sharp married his second wife Elizabeth Menaugh. They had one child (as far as I know) who died age four.

Egbert T. Bush had mentioned Robert Sharp in another of his articles titled “Brookville and Up the Hollow” (Dec. 26, 1929), in which he wrote that “Robert Sharp, 2nd, lived in the upper tenant house on the Colonel Sharp lowlands, and did the farming from 1844 to 1850.” This farm was at Sandy Ridge. In the 1850 and 1860 censuses, Robert Sharp was listed as a farmer. But in the 1870 census, Robert Sharp, age 47, was “keeping B. house.”

Detail from the 1870 Federal Census for Stockton in Delaware Township

At first I thought that the initial was a P, which could stand for poor house, but that didn’t make sense, since the other occupants of the household were not identified as paupers. They were his wife Elizabeth 48 (1822) keeping house daughter Sarah 19 son Lambert 25, forman [sic] on a railroad his mother-in-law Mary Menaugh 67 and Elizabeth’s brother William Menaugh 26 clerk. Clearly this was neither a poor house nor a hotel. If you look closely at the census record you will see “B. House,” which must have meant boarding house. It was not much of a boarding house in 1870. But as far as Beers was concerned, it was a hotel.

Detail of the Beers Comstock Atlas of 1873

In the 18 th and 19 th centuries, an Inn was a place where you could get a drink, a meal and a bed, while taverns usually supplied the drink (plenty of it), and perhaps a little food, depending on the owner’s predilection. Going by the licenses given to Robert Sharp, he was definitely running a tavern in Stockton, if not a hotel, from 1871 to 1874. By that time, Sharp seems to have tired of the business because in 1874 he built himself “a fine residence near the Hotel,” and retired from inn-keeping. 7 He sold the hotel lot (1.82-acres) on August 11, 1874, to Sarah S. Hockenbury for $10,000. 8

This did not exhaust Sharp’s property. He sold six other lots afterwards, including one to Sarah Hockenbury’s husband, John S. Hockenbury, between 1875 and 1880.

Sometime after the death of his wife Elizabeth, on August 13, 1878, Sharp lost his ability to cope. He was committed to the Lunatic Asylum at Trenton, where he died, at the age of 57, on November 7, 1881. Robert Sharp and both his wives, Sarah and Elizabeth, were buried at the Sandy Ridge Cemetery.

John S. and Sarah Hockenbury

John Sutton Hockenbury was one of eight children, born August 5, 1821 to John Hockenbury, Sr. and Sarah Sutton. The family lived in the Croton area in Kingwood Township. John S. Hockenbury and Sarah Rittenhouse were married on November 25, 1843. 9 They had ten children, from 1844 to 1867. Two of them died young.

At the time that Sarah Rittenhouse Hockenbury bought the tavern lot she was 50 years old. She was a married woman buying real estate in her own name, and she paid plenty for it, which was very unusual. Her husband John already had a great deal of real estate of his own. He certainly could have purchased the inn himself. Was Hockenbury having some money problems that made him temporarily unable to purchase in his own name? Or was it that Sarah was keen on running a hotel herself? Unless we come across a letter or other document pertaining to this we can never really know.

Adding to the mystery is the fact that this was the only deed recorded with Sarah Hockenbury as the grantee. And even though the Inn was purchased in Sarah Hockenbury’s name, it is clear that her husband was in charge. It was John S. Hockenbury who acquired tavern licenses for the Inn at Stockton from 1874 to 1899, as indicated in the abstracts of the Hunterdon Republican by Bill Hartman. (He may have continued to obtain tavern licenses up until his death in 1914, but the Hartman abstracts end with 1900.)

John S. Hockenbury had been in the hotel business as early as 1857, when he was running a hotel in Flemington. He sold it sometime during the Civil War and temporarily retired from the business. 10 In the 1870 census, he was identified as a commercial traveler, age 48, living in Raritan Township (probably in Flemington), with wife Sarah, age 45, and seven of their children at home. But in 1880, after Sarah’s purchase of the Stockton Inn, John S. Hockenbury was again a hotel keeper, age 58, living in Stockton. In both cases, Sarah Hockenbury was merely “keeping house.” Five children were at home in 1880, with son William T. Hockenbury 28 working as “hotel clerk.”

While Hockenbury ran the Stockton Inn, he was often elected as one of the pound keepers for Delaware Township. So there must have been a fenced area on the property where stray animals could be kept. Fairly prominent people came to visit the Hotel. They signed a register that Egbert T. Bush got a look at many years later. For more see “A Stockton Hotel Register.”

Hotel keeping was always somewhat risky. In 1876, someone broke into the cellar and stole some whiskey and “provisions.” In 1878, the Hockenbury’s daughter Mary, wife of Lemuel Fisher, got a surprise. As the Republican reported:

On Wednesday afternoon last [17 July 1878 ?], Mrs. Lemuel Fisher and some lady friends were visiting Mrs. Fisher’s father, John S. Hockenbury in Stockton, and went down to the river to bathe. While thus engaged, a shot rang out and Mrs. Fisher immediately exclaimed that she had been shot. Blood ran down from her neck and a physician was called. Fortunately, she was just slightly injured. The accident was caused by some boys who were shooting at a target and did not see the ladies. 11

In 1879 when Hockenbury applied for his annual tavern license, there must have been some sort of problem because for the first and only time, the application was “held for Inquiry.” After a couple weeks the problem, probably financial, was resolved and the license granted. (A look at the tavern licenses might shed light on this incident.)

Tragedy hit the Hockenbury family in 1885. Their son William, age 32 and unmarried, “died suddenly in New Hope, PA.” The coroner’s jury determined that “his death resulted from excessive use of liquor.” 12 The death certificate claimed it was a heart attack.

In 1887, an interesting experiment took place to find out for certain what the distance was from Stockton to Flemington. According to the Hunterdon Republican (June 1, 1887), it “has long been a matter of dispute” in Stockton.

Some contended that it was not over 9 miles, while others were sure that it was nearer 10 than 9 [miles]. Rev. Cornelius S. Conkling determined to have the matter settled and a party was organized, principally under his direction, to chain the road and ascertain the precise distance. On Tuesday morning last, the party started bright and early. David Lawshe and William Menaugh, carrying the chain and Capt. Lewis ? & Asa Rittenhouse drove a stake every mile. The distance as chained was 10 1/8 miles from the Hotel of John S. Hockenbury in Stockton to the Court House in Flemington. The distance has always been said to be 9 miles and the distance from Stockton to Sergeantsville, which has always been called 3 miles, was found to be 3 1/2 miles.” 13

The above photograph is taken from Prallsville Mills and Stockton by Keith Strunk (the Arcadia series). It pictures the Stockton Inn the way it was in the 1890s, after John S. Hockenbury had enlarged it to three stories, with a mansard roof and cupola. 14

I mentioned before that hotel keeping was risky. It appears that in 1893, Hockenbury, who should have known better, got the wool pulled over his eyes. Once again quoting from the Hunterdon Republican (Dec. 13, 1893):

A Slick Rascal. A smooth tongued individual recently made his appearance at the hotel in Stockton and John S. Hockbenury, the landlord, was easily duped. The stranger told him that he was the advance agent for a party of men employed by the Western Union Telegraph Co. and that 9 men would arrive on a special train the next day. After eating a hearty meal, having a good night sleep and a breakfast, he discussed the planned arrival in more detail. Saying that he was going to take a walk, he disappeared without paying his bill.

Sarah Hockenbury died on January 27, 1898, age 74, and was buried in the Prospect Hill Cemetery. At the time of her death, the Stockton Inn was still in her name, but since real property in New Jersey was jointly owned by spouses, it remained in the hands of her husband. Hockenbury was 77 when Sarah died. Obviously he could not run the Inn himself, but he had sons to carry on for him. In fact, in the 1900 census, Hockenbury, age 78, was a landlord, and his son-in-law Jesse W. Weller was the hotel keeper. Weller married Annie Hockenbury about 1878, but they had no children. Also in the household in 1900 was Annie’s brother John H. Hockenbury, working as a bartender, sister Laura who never married, and brother Benjamin R. Hockenbury who worked as the bookkeeper.

I do find it irksome that the women’s work, which must have been considerable in a hotel, was never mentioned in the census records. And one cannot argue that it was because they were not paid. One often sees the term “keeping house” in those records, and that was certainly never compensated. I have little doubt that Annie H. Weller and her sister Laura were doing a considerable amount of work at the hotel. But they were assisted by Emma Mason, age 31, who was credited in the 1900 census with “general housework.” Also employed at the hotel was Charles O. Lewis 21, a hostler.

John S. Hockenbury wrote his will on May 27, 1902. He left $100 in trust for the “repair and beautifying my burial plot in said cemetery.” In light of the fact that many of his children were also buried there, it was a wise investment. He also left $500 to his granddaughter Sarah, daughter of his youngest child Benjamin R. Hockenbury. (The will did not name Sarah’s mother.) Finally, he ordered his executors to sell all the rest of his property and divide the proceeds between his six surviving children: Mary Elizabeth Fisher, Amy Kinney, John H. Hockenbury, Annie Weller, Laura V. Hockenbury and Benjamin R. Hockenbury. His executors were son John H. Hockenbury and friend Richard S. Kuhl.

John S. Hockenbury wrote a codicil to his will on September 9, 1905 because his son John H. Hockenbury had “become incapacitated for doing business.” In his place he named his son-in-law Lemuel Fisher, husband of his eldest child, Mary Elizabeth. But on January 19, 1909, Hockenbury had to write another codicil because Lemuel Fisher had died in 1906. Why he waited until 1909 is a mystery. The new executor was another son-in-law, Jesse W. Weller, who had been operating the hotel since 1900.

By 1910, John S. Hockenbury was 88 and still living at the hotel, but by this time he was boarding there (according to the census), living on his own income, and the hotel was run by Spencer L. Dilts, who was not related. Dilts had begun renting the hotel in 1904 and, according to E. T. Bush, continued to do so until after Hockenbury’s death, which occurred on January 28, 1914, when he was an impressive 92 years old. He was buried next to wife Sarah, and sons Oakley C. and William Hockenbury in the Prospect Hill Cemetery. After his death, his executors followed his directions and sold his property, including a few lots in Stockton. Of course there is only one we are interested here, and that is the hotel lot.

The Colligan Inn

On April 1, 1915, the executors of John S. Hockenbury dec’d (Richard S. Kuhl and Jesse W. Weller) sold the hotel lot of 1.82 acres to Enos Weiss for $12,500. 15 On the same day, the executors sold to Weiss’ daughter Elizabeth Colligan for $130 two small lots in Stockton bordering the hotel lot. 16

Enos Weiss was an interesting character. He immigrated from Alsace Lorraine in 1872 when he was 19 years old, and settled in Doylestown, PA where he probably met his wife Mary Luly, daughter of German immigrants. Weiss worked for several years in Doylestown as a baker. His wife Mary gave birth to four daughters, but died in 1887. A couple years later, Weiss married Susanna L. (maiden name not known) and had four more children.

In 1900, the Weiss family was living in Lambertville where Weiss worked as a hotel keeper, probably at the Lambertville Inn on Bridge Street. He was 47, renting his home, and his wife Susanna was 36. They had nine children, seven of whom were still alive: Elizabeth 19 (Aug 1880), Emma 18 (Mar 1882), Mary 15 (Mar 1885), A. Neddie 13 (Dec 1886), Agnes 11 (Apr 1889), Leonard 9 (Apr 1891), Eleanor 7 (Apr 1893).

Also at the hotel was William Colligan 25 (Apr 1875 PA) single, bartender, born at Centre Bridge in Pennsylvania servant Charles Tunison 30 (Jan 1870) single, porter servant Mary Curtis 19 (May 1881 NJ) and cook Hattie Daniels 32 (Nov 1867 DC) both single. Their boarders were Frank S. Andrews 29 (Mar 1871) pool room keeper, wife Nellie 24 (Mar 1876), married 5 years, no children Wm. Hart 43 (Aug 1856) carpenter, wife Hattie 40 (Feb 1860 ) married 22 years, 2 children, 1 still alive and John Hughes 37 (Nov 1862 Ireland) single, foreman at the quarries.

Not long after this, Weiss’s daughter Elizabeth married the bartender, William P. Colligan. According to his draft registration card of 1918, William Colligan was tall and slender with grey eyes and light brown hair. The Colligans had five children, from 1901 to 1913, which means some were born in Lambertville, and the rest in Flemington.

The first time Enos Weiss appeared in the list of Hunterdon County deeds was on March 18, 1907, when he was resident in Lambertville and purchased from William H. & Mary A. Cawley of Somerville for $36,000 the County Hotel on Main Street in Flemington. It was sold in two lots, the first bordering Isaac G. Farlee dec’d, a lot of Richard K. Reading now G. A. Allen, and the street running through Flemington (Main St) and the second bordered by the Reading lot, the Farlee lot, and New Street. The hotel property had formerly been owned by Wm. Ruohl. 17

Weiss financed this huge purchase in a couple ways. First he got a mortgage from the Cawleys for $6,000. 18 . And on the same day, the day of the sale, P. Ballantine & Sons of Newark, NJ loaned him $5,000 for “a period of ten years” in exchange for the promise not to sell “any malt liquors other than those made and supplied by said P. Ballantine & Sons.” 19 Sounds rather like “in restraint of trade.” One wonders what Weiss’s customers thought of this arrangement.

The 1910 census shows Weiss, age 56, living in Flemington and running the County Hotel, but it stated that Weiss was renting, which doesn’t make sense. His wife Susan was 42 years old. Three of their children were living with them: Agnes 21, Leonard 19 and Eleanor 17, and there were only three boarders. Meanwhile, William and Elizabeth Colligan were living in their own house in Flemington on Main Street. William was working as a clerk in the hotel, and Elizabeth was caring for four sons, William 8, Leonard 7, Edward 5 and Charles 2.

When Enos Weiss bought the hotel in Stockton in 1915, he was 62 years old. It is a question why Weiss decided to switch from the County Hotel in Flemington to Hockenbury’s Stockton Inn. Perhaps he had always wanted it but it did not become available until after Hockenbury’s death. Or perhaps running the hotel in Flemington no longer appealed to him. In any case, he was able to manage it with the help of his daughter Elizabeth and her husband William Colligan.

By the time of the census of 1920, Enos Weiss had retired from hotel keeping. He was 66, while wife Susanna was 52, and son Leonard living with them was 28, working as an automobile salesman. They lived in Stockton, but in a separate house from the hotel which was now directly under the control of William Colligan, but Enos Weiss was still the owner. William was 44, wife Elizabeth was 39. Their sons living with them were William I. 18, laborer, Leonard J. 16, Edward A. 14, Charles J. 12, and John W. 7. Note that Elizabeth named her son Leonard after her brother Leonard. There was only a twelve-year difference between them.

Boarding at the Stockton/Colligan Hotel were Charles Burns 57 single, janitor at a school building (probably the Stockton school) Johnson Warford 62, NJ lineman for Standard Oil Co. and John H. Race 64 widowed, caretaker at a livery stable.

Only five years after acquiring the Stockton Inn, Enos Weiss and the Colligans suffered a setback, as did all the other tavern owners in the country: The Prohibition Era had begun. According to the Inn’s history on its website, the Weiss family managed to get around the problem by turning their tavern into a speakeasy, where “Whickecheoke Cyder” was a popular drink. The Inn became such a popular place that Weiss and the Colligans were motivated to add not just additional rooms, but a lovely feature behind the old well—a small waterfall tumbling down the rocky ledge behind the building.

Financial Troubles

Recall that when Enos Weiss bought the County Hotel in Flemington, he paid $36,000 for it. He had to finance it with mortgages as well as his savings. Things were getting difficult by 1918 when he and Susanna had to get a $3,000 mortgage from their son Leonard, 20 and in 1921 to sell a lot to John S. Hendricks, a familiar name in Stockton. 21 But this was not enough to save Weiss from his debts.

On September 14, 1921, the Supreme Court of NJ ordered the sheriff of Hunterdon County, Arthur W. England, to levy on the goods, chattels & real estate of Enos Weiss in order to satisfy a debt of $3,000 owed to none other than P. Ballantine & Sons. The sale was made on January 6, 1922, when the highest bidder, at $1200, was Enos Weiss’s daughter Elizabeth Colligan. 22 Once again the property became owned by a married woman.

I should make note here that the history that is found on the Stockton Inn’s website claims that the Inn was purchased at auction by Elizabeth Weiss from her mother, Agnes Weiss. Elizabeth’s aunt was Agnes Weiss, but she had nothing to do with the sale. That history also claimed that Elizabeth had married Joseph Colligan, an artist who worked part time at the inn as a bartender. This is certainly not true. Elizabeth married William Colligan, whose father was named Joseph. William did work as a bartender at the County Hotel in 1900, but in 1910 he was working as a clerk in the hotel, and by 1920 he was the hotel manager. 23

One of the Colligans’ most notable boarders was Egbert T. Bush. In the census of 1930, he was 81 years old, widowed, and living at the Inn. The previous year he had written his article, “When Stockton Was Not So Dry.” I have little doubt that Mr. Bush allowed himself a glass or two of “Wickecheoke Cyder.” He died in 1937, age 89.

William P. Colligan died on July 18, 1931, age 56. The online history stated that after Colligan’s death their five sons ran the inn with their mother. This is not entirely true. In 1930, William Jr. was a contractor driving a stone truck and in 1940 he was a plumber. In 1930, son Edward was a bookkeeper at a stone quarry in Hunterdon, but by 1940 he had joined the family enterprise and was working as manager of a private hotel in Stockton, at which time the younger sons, Leonard, Charles and John were all employed as clerks in a “private hotel.”

Old-Fashioned Hotel Keeping

One of the consistent themes in this story is how much hotel owners depended on their families to provide the necessary labor to maintain the hotel. The wives were relied on for not only housekeeping and laundry, but also the meal planning and cooking. Sons acted as clerks and bartenders. The pater familias probably spent much of his time welcoming guests, ordering supplies & provisions, and making sure that everything was running smoothly. It was a demanding business for these individual owners. The scale of these operations was not far different from today’s larger bed & breakfasts, with the difference that these families had no efficient appliances with which to clean and cook, and heat was provided by fireplaces or coal stoves. It was hard work, but in those days hard work was the norm.

Hotels in the larger towns, like the County Hotel and the Union Hotel in Flemington, and the hotel in Lambertville, required much more staff. That may also have been a factor in Weiss’ failure with the County Hotel. In Stockton, Weiss’s family was large enough.

Enos Weiss lived to the ripe old age of 83, dying on June 5, 1936 at his home in Stockton. Wife Susanna survived him until her death on May 30, 1947, age 79. They were buried at St. Mary’s Cemetery in Doylestown.

Through the 1940s and 50s, Colligan’s Inn carried on, becoming a haven for many well-known writers, artists, songwriters and journalists. But that is another chapter is the history of this ‘small hotel with the wishing well.’ (Thank you, Richard Rogers.) I will leave it to someone else to write that history—it is certainly worth doing. 24

On the Road: Stockton’s haunted history comes alive with downtown ghost tours

A crowd of more than 60 ghostbusters met Downtown Stockton Alliance&rsquos Manuel Laguna, Jr. and Friends of the Fox Bob Hope Theatre&rsquos Kelly Howard outside the majestic Hotel Stockton on Sunday for the first downtown Stockton Ghost Tour. Laguna and Howard would lead the tourgoers on the combination historical and ghost-story walking tour of some of Stockton&rsquos most venerable buildings.

With the discovery of gold in Coloma in 1848, 49ers streamed from around the U.S. and the world, more than quadrupling California&rsquos population in 10 years. Stockton became the port city for the Mother Lode mines, with thousands of miners and their supplies arriving by ship, horse, wagon train and more.

The town that Capt. Charles M. Weber so meticulously laid out grew rapidly to become one of the largest cities and downtowns in the north state, rivaled only by San Francisco and Sacramento. Its growing agricultural empire added to Stockton&rsquos early success, as suppliers, implement makers, banks and retailers grew to supply the fast-growing regional economy.

Stockton grew and its downtown blossomed, becoming one of the state&rsquos most attractive and largest downtown commercial centers, adjoining a bustling world-class port. Stockton&rsquos growth spurred downtown hotels, theaters and restaurants.

Today, much of that old commercial empire remains on the waterfront and nearby, as Stockton re-creates a new, energetic downtown by building upon its storied history. And, the old downtown reportedly spawned numerous ghosts.

On their trail, our tour group moved into the Hotel Stockton lobby, built in 1910. The two guides shared stories about ghosts within the hotel. Laguna noted that hotel residents often claim they &ldquohear footsteps in fourth floor hallways and often hear music playing and sounds of partiers emanating from the old sixth-floor ballroom, but find no one there.&rdquo

Howard said &ldquoon the third floor, guests frequently feel unexplained cold spots.&rdquo He added that &ldquomodern-day ghostbusters use equipment such as audio recorders set to record in the dark of night, cameras in full spectrum or infrared mode to capture apparitions, camcorders set up with motion detectors &mdash all to catch evidence of ghosts from yesteryear.&rdquo

Members of the tour group then shared their own personal stories of ghosts in their homes and places of business. I shared the story that Ed Coy, then head of the city&rsquos Central Parking District, once told of ghosts said to inhabit the storied Yosemite Club, housed for well over 100 years on the fourth and fifth floors of the historic Bank of Stockton building. The oldest private club west of the Mississippi once boasted members who included Benjamin Holt, Sheriff Robert Cunningham and flour magnate George Sperry. Declining membership forced its closure in 2010.

The tour then moved north across the alley to the B&M Building, built as the Philadelphia House in the late 1860s. Laguna said, &ldquoformer parole department workers reported the feeling that someone was behind them, items were moving, phantom smells of perfume and cigar smoke lingered, piano music and the sound of someone walking wafted down from the third floor &mdash when the floor was vacant. Many also saw a woman that they lovingly nicknamed Lydia she&rsquos been seen by quite a few people through the years, including an alliance employee.&rdquo

Just east of the hotel on Weber Avenue is the old Mansion House and the ornate Tretheway Building. In 1906, the San Francisco earthquake caused the huge façade of the Tretheway to tumble to the sidewalk &mdash it&rsquos rumored that some of the ghosts of the 700 killed in San Francisco have a special place in their hearts for this building.

Following the showing of the classic film &ldquoPhantom of the Opera,&rdquo Howard led a tour of the old vaudeville and movie house. The theater opened in 1930 thousands lined up to get a look and to see the movie &ldquoUp the River&rdquo starring Spencer Tracy. A grand showplace with more than 2,100 seats, it was home to musical acts, vaudeville and movies, active until the 1970s, when nearly torn down to be replaced by a parking lot.

The theater reopened in the mid-1990s and 12 years ago received an $8.5 million restoration by the city of Stockton. Howard told tourgoers of numerous ghostly sightings and presence of apparitions in the theater, confirmed by custodians, projectionists and other staff members, as well as theatergoers.

Your downtown tour can also include a visit to nearby Weber Point, where you&rsquoll find the footprint outline of Capt. Weber&rsquos stately home some say that Weber&rsquos family&rsquos ghosts still haunt the Point.


Stokton upon Tease 1630. Place name Stockton + river name TEES. Stockton, Stoctun’[1183] -ton 1197-1331, Stokton(e) c.1245-1535, Stoketon 1195�-1339, Stockton from 1338, is probably ‘the outlying farm’, Old English stoc-tun. Stockton, which became the bishop of Durham’s principal manor house in the south of the county, seems to have originated as an outlying settlement of an estate perhaps originally centred at Norton. But the specific might alternatively be Old English stocc ‘a tree trunk’.

Information about this place-name was supplied by Victor Watts by personal communication

Early Landowners

Throughout the Middle Ages, the Bishops of Durham were lords of the manor of Stockton. Stockton Castle was one of their residences. During the 13th century the borough was separated from the agricultural manor.

See the Victoria History of the County of Durham vol.3 (ed.) William Page (1928).

Boldon Book

“In Stoktona there are eleven villeins and a half, every one of whom holds 2 bovates and renders works as they of Boldon, except cornage. In the same vill 6 firmars hold 9 bovates, and they render and work as they of Norton. Adam son of Walter holds 1 carucate and 1 bovate of land for 1 mark. Robert of Cambois holds 4 bovates for half a mark, and a bovate of the bishop’s loan (accomodatione), and is quit of works while he is in the service of the bishop, still if he shall be out of it he will work as much as pertains to the half carucate of Walter. The same Robert has the old toft of the hall near his house and renders thence 16 pence. Edwin and Robert, cottiers, render for 2 tofts 12 pence. Godwin the cottier 6 pence. Simon the smith, for 1 toft, 4 pence. The pinder holds 6 acres, and has thraves of Stockton and Herteburna [Hartburn] and Prestona [Preston] like the others, and renders 180 hens and 500 eggs. The ferry renders 20 pence. The whole vill renders 1 milch cow. One bovate of land which the bishop has beyond the Tees over against the hall renders 4 shillings.”

Taken from “The Victoria History of the County of Durham” vol. 1 (ed.) W.Page (1905)

An Early Mention

“An exact survey of the manor of Stockton” written in 1647 stated that “the Bpps (Bishop’s) Castle situate at the South end of the towne of Stockton by the River Tease is ruinous, and in great decay, that the River is navigable, and within ten miles of the Mayne sea. That the towne of Stockton is an antient (ancient) burrough and markett towne by antient charters, but the markett unserved of late, standing very dirty in Winter, formerly a fair for eight days”

“Magna Britannia Antiqua et Nova” C.Ward & R.Chandler vol vi (1738) “Stockton is risen up in its stead (in Yarm’s stead), from a poor Village, without Trading, or any houses but what are thatch’d and clay’d to be neat a well-built Corporation and Market-Town, driving a great Trade in Lead and Butter. ‘Tis governed by a Mayor, and the Market is on Saturday weekly. The Ale brew’d in this Town is very famous, and becomes a grateful Present often from the Gentry to their Friends in London . . .”

“A Description of England and Wales” vol.3 F.Newbery and T.Carnan (1769) “Stockton, from a poor village, is become a corporation, and a well built market town, that carries on a considerable trade to London in lead, butter, and bacon besides which it has been famed for its ale, which was formerly much better known in London than it is at present. It is a place of great resort and business and both its trade, and the number of its inhabitants, are much increased. The river Tees is capable of bearing ships of good burthen to this place, but the current is sometimes dangerous however, for the management of the port, there is a collector of the customs and other inferior officers. This port is a member of that of Newcastle, as appears by a commission returned into the exchequer, in the reign of king Charles the Second, and by a report made in the third year of king George the Second, of the dimensions of its three quays for shipping and landing goods. It has one church, and is governed by a mayor and alderman. It is one of the four ward towns of the county, and has a market on Saturdays, and a fair on the 18th of July, for toys and fish.”

Selected Buildings

9 Finkle Street (17th century)

Hartburn Manor House (17th century)

Green Dragon Inn (18th or early 18th century)

St. Thomas’ church (1712, with alterations in 1893 and 1906)

Former Education Offices, 32 Dovecot Street (early or mid 18th century)

Gloucester House, Church Road (mid 18th century)

No. 16 Church Road (mid 18th century)

Nos. 148 and 149 High Street (18th century, once Stockton Vicarage)

Columbia House, Church Street (18th century)

Georgian Theatre (originally an old tithe barn, converted to a theatre in 1766)

Railway booking office on Bridge Road (1825)

Holy Trinity church (1838, altered in the 1880s)

Friends Meeting House, Dovecot Street (1876)

The Municipal Buildings (1961)

The Princess of Wales Bridge (1992)

A Few Lost Buildings

Blue Posts (15th century) demolished in 1811.

Stockton Bridge (1769) replaced by the Victoria Bridge in 1887.

The Vane Arms Hotel (18th century) demolished c.1969.

Brunswick Methodist chapel (1823) demolished in 2009.

Borough Hall (1840) demolished in 1964.

The Castle Brewery (1858) demolished in 1969.

Stockton Library in Wellington Street (1862) demolished in 1969.

Star Theatre (1874) destroyed by fire in 1883.

Stockton and Thornaby Hospital (1876) demolished in 1977.

Queen’s Hotel (1876) demolished in 1981.

Grand Theatre (Opened in 1891 in the rebuilt premises of the Star Theatre) demolished in 1969.

Victoria Buildings, High Street (Victorian) demolished in 1964.

Gasholders at Stockton Gas Works (1892) demolished in 1985.

Stockton Higher Grade School (1896) demolished in 1984.

Baptist Tabernacle (1903) demolished in 2001.

Queen Victoria High School for Girls (1904) demolished in 1973.

Hippodrome Theatre (1905) destroyed by fire in 1932.

Castle Theatre (1908) demolished in 1969.

Co-operative Emporium (1931) demolished in 1999.

The Regal Cinema (1935) demolished in 1966.

Some People of Note

John Jenkins ( ? -1661) A Welshman who came to Stockton as a major in Cromwell’s army. After the Civil War, he settled in Stockton. By his will he endowed a charity for the poor of Stockton.

Thomas Rudd (1640-1719) A clergyman from a Westmorland family who was curate of Stockton from 1663 to 1713. He oversaw the building of the church of St. Thomas.

Edmund Harvey (1698-1781) A Stockton pewterer who pioneered Sunday Schools and improvements in the navigation of the River Tees.

Brass Crosby (1725-1793) A solicitor from Stockton who became Lord Mayor of London in 1770 and fought for press freedom. The phrase “as bold as brass” is thought to refer to him.

William Christopher (1735-1797) A Stockton-born navigator who amassed a fortune as a captain the the Hudson’s Bay Company.

Nathan Brunton (1744-1814) A Stockton naval captain who rose to the rank of Vice Admiral of the Red.

Margaret Nicholson (c.1750-1828) A Stockton-born housemaid who found employment in London. In 1786 she attempted to stab King George III with a dessert knife. She was declare insane and spent the rest of her life in Bethlem Hospital.

Thomas Sheraton (1751-1806) A Stockton-born cabinet maker who became famous through his four-volume work The Cabinet Maker’s and Upholsterer’s Drawing Book.

Joseph Ritson (1751-1803) A writer from Stockton. His collections of poetry and folk tales were published as “The Bishopric Garland”, “The Yorkshire Garland” and “The Northumberland Garland”.

Grace Sutton (1757-1814) A wealthy benefactress who lived in Elton. In 1803 she founded the Stockton School of Industry for Girls which later became Holy Trinity Girls’ School. She has a monument in Stockton parish church.

Thomas Bertie (1758-1825) Born Thomas Hoar in Stockton-on-Tees, he took his wife’s surname on marriage. As a naval commander he famously captured three enemy ships at the Battle of Copenhagen. He rose to the rank of Admiral and was knighted in 1813.

John Walker (1781-1859) A Stockton chemist who invented what he called “friction lights” in 1826 or 1827. These were the world’s first safety matches.

Henry Heavisides (1791-1870) A Stockton printer who was also a political activist and a historian.

Thomas Hackworth (1797-1877) An engineer from Northumberland who was a younger brother of Timothy Hackworth. He moved to Stockton in 1839 where he helped to establish Fossick and Hackworth, a company that made locomotive engines. From 1853 the firm built marine engines and later their works became the famous Blair’s marine engine works.

Joseph Dodds (1819-1891) A solicitor from Teesdale who became Stockton’s first M.P. in 1868.

Jonathan Pickering (1826-1891) A Stockton engineer who designed an advanced type of pulley and began manufacturing lifts at the Globe Works on Norton Road.

William Ashmore (1829-1904) An engineer from West Bromwich who founded the Parkfield Ironworks at Stockton and later formed the famous Ashmore, Benson and Pease company.

George Butterfield (1879-1917) A Stockton-born athlete who won the AAA one mile title in three successive years and represented his country in the 1908 Olympic Games. His time for the mile in 1906 was the fastest in the world that year.

Mary Leslie (1880-1974) She was born Mary Martin in Sunderland and was educated in Stockton. She became Stockton’s first lady sanitary inspector and worked energetically to combat poverty and poor hygiene in the town.

Will Hay (1888-1949) A comedy film actor from Stockton who rose to become the third highest grossing star at the British Box Office. He was famous for playing schoolmasters.

George M’Gonigle (1889-1939) Dr. M’Gonigle was born in Monkwearmouth but is known for his work as Medical Officer of Health in Stockton, where he earned the nickname “The Housewives’ Champion”.

Ivy Close (1890-1986) A film star from the “silent” era who was born in Stockton. The Daily Mirror judged her “The World’s Most Beautiful Woman”.

Freddie Dixon (1892-1956) A motorcycle and racing car driver from Stockton who enjoyed success in the Isle of Man TT races and once finished third at the Le Mans 24 hour race.

Edward Cooper (1896-1985) A Stockton grocer who won the Victoria Cross in 1917. During the Third Battle of Ypres he single-handedly captured an enemy blockhouse and forced 45 soldiers to surrender.

Doreen Stephens (1922-1965) A Stockton-born singer who was a regular on The Billy Cotton Bandshow on radio during the 1950s.

Colin Renfrew (1937- ) An archaeologist who was born in Stockton-on-Tees. He became professor of archaeology at Cambridge Universty and was Master of Jesus College, Cambridge for 10 years. He was created a life peer in 1991.

Ridley Scott (1937- ) A film director from South Shields who lived in Stockton in his youth. He directed the films Alien, Blade Runner and Gladiator. He was knighted in 2003.

Ian Wrigglesworth (1939- ) A Stockton-born politician who served as a local M.P. from 1974 to 1987. He was one of the founding members of the Social Democratic Party. In 2013 he was created a life peer.

Elizabeth Estensen (1949- ) An actress from Stockton who played one of The Liver Birds on television. In 1999 she began a long run playing a character in Emmerdale.

Colin Walker (1962- ) A steeplechaser from Stockton who won a bronze medal in the 1990 Commonwealth Games and represented his country in the 1992 Olympic Games.

Stephen Tompkinson (1965- ) An actor who born in Stockton, but moved to Lancashire as a boy. He made his name in comedy and won the “Best TV Comedy Actor” award in 1994, although most of his later work has been as a serious actor.

Lisa Cushley (1969- ) A Stockton-born ice skater who finished second the British championships in 1985 and represented the United Kingdom in the Winter Olympics in 1988.

Anna Huntley (1982- ) A mezzo-soprano from Stockton who has performed with the English National Opera.

Richard Kilty (1989- ) A sprinter from Stockton who was the world indoor 60 metres champion in 2014. At the Olympic Games in 2016, he represented the United Kingdom in the final of the men’s 4𴠼 metres relay.

The Hearth Tax of 1666

In the returns of this national tax, Stockton was divided into two parts, referred to as “Stockton Town” and “Stockton Burrow” (Borough).

In Stockton Town there were 37 houses with 1 or 2 hearths and one house with 3 hearths. There were two properties with 4 hearths, in the names of “James Burdon” and “Jno Lambert”. The largest house was the property of “James Cooke Gent”, with 5 hearths.

In Stockton Borough there were 44 houses with 1 or 2 hearths and 4 with 3 hearths. There were two 5-hearth properties, belonging to “Robert Jackson Gent” and “Margrett Bailise”. The highest taxpayer was “Jno Wells Gent” with 6 hearths.

See “Hearth Tax List for South Durham Lady Day 1666” (ed.) J.C.Howe for the Cleveland Family History Society.


White’s Directory of 1847 portrayed Stockton as a busy commercial and shipping town. The list included 28 grocers, 45 butchers, 12 bakers, 6 confectioners, 8 chemists, 5 glass, china and earthenware dealers, 29 joiners and cabinet makers, 57 shopkeepers, 12 drapers, 39 tailors, 32 milliners and dressmakers, 6 hosiers and haberdashers, 15 straw hat makers, 45 boot and shoe makers, 2 pawnbrokers, 7 booksellers and stationers, 7 watch and clock makers, 2 pipe makers, 9 wine and spirit merchants, and 63 hotels, inns and taverns. The list also included 6 ironmongers, 5 iron founders, 8 blacksmiths, 5 wheelwrights, 8 corn millers and flour dealers, 12 timber merchants, 16 coal fitters and merchants, 5 coopers, 4 sail makers, 7 rope makers, 4 block and mast makers, 6 marine store dealers, 2 boat builders, 8 merchants, 3 ship builders and 2 shipsmiths.

Ward’s Directory of 1936 cannot be compared directly to White’s of 1847 as neither gave a complete list. Ward’s listed 54 grocers, 26 butchers, 9 bakers, 22 confectioners, 16 fruiterers, 6 fishmongers, 9 dairymen, 15 general dealers, 8 chemists, 28 tailors, 14 dressmakers, hosiers and costumiers, 7 milliners, 34 boot and shoe makers, 21 newsagents, 19 tobacconists, 13 booksellers and stationers 4 wine and spirit merchants and 8 pawnbrokers, As well as hotels, inns and taverns and various examples of light and heavy industry, the list also included 7 coal merchants, 2 chimney sweeps, 8 furniture dealers, 4 china shops, 11 ironmongers, 3 saddlers, 11 watch and clock makers and 3 wireless dealers.

A Selection of Dates

1212 King John stayed at Stockton Castle.

1237 A Chapel of Ease was built in Stockton around this date .

1310 Bishop Antony Bek of Durham granted Stockton a weekly market and an annual fair.

1322 A Scottish army attacked Stockton.

1575 The “Survey of the Manor house of Stockton, commonly called Stockton Castle” was made.

1644 During the Civil War, a Scottish army occupied Stockton and remained there until 1647.

1652 Parliament ordered Stockton Castle to be pulled down.

1680 The trade of Stockton was increasing and as a result, the Customs officers were moved to Stockton from Hartlepool.

1712 The church of St. Thomas was consecrated.

1724 The first Stockton Races were held, just across the river at The Carrs.

1735 The Town House was built.

1748 John Wesley preached in Stockton market place.

1751 The Baptists were established in Stockton.

1766 Stockton theatre was opened.

1769 Edmund Harvey suggested shortening the course of the River Tees below Stockton by constructing two cuts.

1771 Stockton Bridge was completed.

1791 A subcription library was inaugurated.

1820 The High Street was lit by gas lamps.

1825 The Stockton and Darlington Railway was opened. This was the world’s first public railway.

1826 Friction matches were invented in Stockton by John Walker.

1832 There was an outbreak of cholera in the town.

1838 Holy Trinity church was consecrated.

1842 St. Mary’s Roman Catholic church was consecrated.

1852 The Borough of Stockton and the Town of Stockton became a single administrative unit.

Stockton railway station was built. It was rebuilt in 1893.

1854 Matthew Pearse and Company began building ships at their North Shore yard.

Jonathan Pickering began constructing lifts at the Globe Elevator Works.

1855 Stockton Races were run at Mandale Marshes for the first time.

1859 Stockton Baths were opened.

1860 The Malleable Ironworks began production.

1866 The Wesleyan chapel on North Terrace was dedicated.

1867 Stockton became a parliamentary borough.

1869 Blair and Company built the first compound ship’s steam engine to be produced in Stockton.

1872 A fire brigade came into service. The Moor Ironworks began production.

1877 The town’s first public library was opened. It replaced by a new building in 1969.

1876 The Presbyterian Church and the Friends’ Meeting house were both built.

William Benson built the Hope Iroworks at Parkfield.

1882 Stockton Football Club was formed.

1887 The Victoria Bridge was completed.

1888 Robert Ropner took over the North Shore shipyard

1893 Ropner Park was opened by the Duke and Duchess of York.

1896 The Higher Grade School on Nelson Terrace was opened.

1898 Stockton won the F.A. Amateur Cup. They won again in 1903, and 1912.

1899 Electric trams began running, connecting Stockton with Norton and Middlesbrough.

1900 Stockton Grammar School was opened. Queen Victoria High School for Girls opened in 1902.

1906 A new railway bridge across the River Tees was constructed.

1908 The Castle theatre was opened as a music hall. It was re-named the Empire in 1914.

1913 The Richard Hind Secondary Technical School for Boys was opened.

1925 Ropner’s shipyard closed. It reopened briefly under new ownership but finally closed in 1931.

1926 Blair’s marine engine works went into liquidation.

1931 The last trams ran through Stockton.

1935 The Regal cinema opened. In 1945 it was re-named the Odeon. The Globe theatre also opened this year. It closed in 1974.

1941 The Malleable Works was bombed, but production of bomb casings and Morrison shelters was not interrupted.

1947 The Stockton Casting Company Ltd. began work at their new foundry in Portrack.

1948 Stockton were champions of the North Yorkshire and South Durham Cricket League for the second time. They were also champions in 1897 and 1975.

Housing development began at Fairfield. The Roseworth Estate followed in 1949 and the Hardwick estate in 1957.

1949 The Bowesfield Works began building electric and diesel-electric railway locomotives.

1951 Grangefield Grammar Schools were opened. An open air theatre was erected in Ropner Park.

1953 Preston Hall Museum was opened.

1963 Hardwick Secondary Modern School was opened.

British Visqueen began manufacturing polythene sheeting at the Bowesfield site.

1966 Stockton Sports Centre was built.

1969 Stockton Central Library was opened.

1973 The Castlegate shopping centre was opened after part of the High Street had been demolished to make way for the new shops. Stockton Sixth Form College was established.

1981 Stockton Racecourse was closed and was replaced by Teesside Park shopping centre.

1983 The Dovecot Arts Centre was opened.

1988 The first Stockton Riverside Festival was staged.

1992 The Princess of Wales Bridge was constructed.

1993 A replica of Captain Cook’s ship Endeavour was moored at Stockton for the next 25 years.

1995 The Tees Barrage was opened by Prince Philip.

1996 Cleveland County was abolished and Stockton became a unitary authority.

1998 The Stockton ARC was opened

2001 The new Baptist Tabernacle was opened.

2007 Stockton was named “best city” by the Britain in Bloom judges. Stockton won the national title again in 2009, 2011 and 2013.

Stockton I - History

In these unprecedented times, you can continue to count on the Bank of Stockton. We’ve survived recessions, depressions, economic downturns and uncertainties throughout our 153 year history, and now we have Covid-19 to add to the list. Rest assured, we will weather this storm together.

SBA PPP Loan Forgiveness Application Process For PPP Loans Originated in 2021

Bank of Stockton has partnered with Sageworks to provide an online portal allowing our PPP customers to securely submit information and documentation for loan forgiveness. Businesses that have received PPP monies have between 8 and 24 weeks to use it. Please note: Loan forgiveness cannot start until the business has exhausted all of their PPP funds.

Over the next few months, our PPP customers will receive an email inviting them to apply for forgiveness of their PPP loan(s). Emails will be sent in date order of PPP loan disbursement meaning those who received PPP monies first will receive the email first. This email will contain instructions on how to build your online profile as well as include instructions and links designed to help you understand the forgiveness process.

IMPORTANT: Once you receive the email invitation, please log in immediately and setup your password. The invitation link will expire in 48 hours, after which time you will need to contact us to send a new email.

If you need additional assistance, Bank of Stockton has created a “PPP forgiveness Task Force” dedicated to answering questions on the PPP forgiveness process. You can reach them by sending an email to: [email protected] or calling (209) 929-1790. Bank of Stockton looks forward to continuing to serve you during these unprecedented times.

We are OPEN with normal banking hours!

Lobby Hours:
Monday-Thursday 9:00 am -5:00 pm and Friday 9:00 am -6:00 pm

Branches with Drive-Up:
Monday-Thursday 8:30 am - 5:00 pm & Friday 8:30 am - 6:00 pm

Mortgage Assistance Program

If you are experiencing a hardship, such as job loss, income reduction, or sickness due to COVID-19 and you are no longer able to make your mortgage payment, please complete our MORTGAGE LOAN ASSISTANCE APPLICATION which can be faxed to 209-929-1223, or dropped off at one of our branches, or mailed to us at Bank of Stockton, Mortgage Loan Assistance, C/O Special Assets Department, P.O. Box 1110, Stockton, CA 95201. If you need help completing this application, please contact us at 1-877-929-1702. Once we receive your application, we will contact you within 5 business days to acknowledge receipt and let you know if you need to send us additional documents.

Auto Loan or Consumer Loan Deferment Assistance

Personal Loan Needs

If you need a personal loan to help you get through this difficult time, and are a deposit customer of our bank, we will help you. Call your Branch (numbers listed below).

Reach your Bank of Stockton Branch

Headquarters: 209-929-1388 Carson Oaks: 209-929-1912 Lodi: 209-340-2311
Tracy: 209-820-2016 Manteca: 209-249-2202 Pine Grove: 209-296-5500
Quail Lakes: 209-929-1802 Ripon: 209-254-2102 Angels Camp: 209-729-2501
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Sonora: 209-536-2102 Brentwood: 925-420-3400 Napa: 707-492-3751
Fairfield: 707-639-9601

Reach our Customer Service Center 7am-7pm M-F

Call 209-929-1600 and they will direct you.

Remote ways to bank

We have a number of ways to transact banking remote: Mobile Banking App with remote deposit and transfer features Online Banking with transfer features and Zelle® where you can make person-to-person payments Access 24, our telephone banking line, where you can check balances and transfer funds 24 hours a day by calling 800-399-2265 or 209-929-1200 and Cash Management Services with remote deposit for businesses.

Beware of COVID-19 Scams

Use extra diligence to keep your personal information safe. NEVER provide your account numbers or personal information to anyone. Click Here to see the latest tips from the American Bankers Association and the California Department of Business Oversight on COVID-19 scams


Live theatre in Stockton. It began with the Gold Rush! First it was the Stockton Theatre for the rough and tumble sailors and miners of 1853. In 1911, when folks became more civilized, the great Sarah Bernhardt performed “La Dam Aux Camelias” at Yosemite Theatre. In 1923, the Masonic Music Hall opened a large auditorium on its top floor — all for live theatre!

“Another offspring of the drama was born last night at Madison School Auditorium and everyone concerned is ‘doing nicely’.”
— The Stockton Record

It was fall 1950. Frank Jones, librarian, and Clyde Nielsen, banker, led theatre enthusiasts in an enterprise they called Stockton Civic Theatre. Their first show, Thornton Wilder’s Our Town, was performed at Madison School Auditorium.

They were very successful. By 1952 they had bought the old Zion Lutheran Church at Willow and Monroe and turned it into a 197-seat theatre. In 1954 they incorporated as a California nonprofit corporation. Shows were well received, but unknown problems were brewing.

In 1962, a judge ordered that the theatre didn’t qualify as a tax exempt nonprofit, but on behalf of SCT, a feisty local attorney named Fred Bollinger declared war on the system. Finally, in 1967, the California Supreme Court ruled for the theatre in Stockton Civic Theatre v. Board of Supervisors, setting a precedent that today benefits all community theaters in America.

In 1973, John Falls, President of the Board, appointed Donald Lamond as Chief Planner. The building at Willow and Monroe was falling apart, and Dr. Lamond advocated a new home for SCT.

In 1974, a local developer offered free land with construction at cost in the new Venetian Bridges development, just off March Lane at Venezia and Rosemarie. SCT President Don Lamond put John Falls in charge of fundraising. The Stockton Record announced the construction of a 300-seat facility to begin June 10, 1980. The beautiful new Rosemarie Lane theatre opened its first Season, 1980, with its 166th main stage production, Chapter Two, directed by Nick Elliott.

Times seem good, but it’s never easy. Money is scarce, but persistence pays and strong leadership emerges. In 1996, founder Clyde Nielsen generously donated funds to retire the mortgage, Greg Morales was hired as the first Producing Director, later followed by Paul Bengston. Now, SCT has a staff of five.

Live theatre today? Under Board President Joe Smith and Artistic Director Dennis Beasley, major productions continue to become huge hits! Frank Jones and Clyde Nielsen’s Stockton Civic Theatre — alive and well in the 21st Century!


You can reserve your tickets online free of charge! First, purchase your Flex Pass, either online or at the Box Office. Then, just pick the show, the date, and your seat. Select Prepaid Flex Pass from the drop down menu under Category/Price. You can then pick up your tickets at Will Call on the date of your show.

Us History- Stockton, CA

As a result of the trauma and neglect that has haunted Stockton, the city suffers from historical amnesia, and all too often it is the communities of color whose legacies, histories, and cultures are forgotten and marginalized. Downtown redevelopment and the building of the crosstown freeway in Stockton, throughout the 1960’s to 1970’s, destroyed the ethnic communities of Little Manila, Chinatown, Japantown , El Barrio Del Chivo , and historically Black neighborhoods. And no local educational institutions teach these local histories or the history of inequity, such as redlining, that explains why neighborhoods are the way they are today. Therefore, no local institutions explain the reasons for the environment a young person develops in and we leave to chance the possibility of a young person to be a victim of that environment, apathetic to its issues, or an agent of positive change. How do we shift probability and intentionally create a generation of homegrown agents of positive change?

Project Summary

In 2016, the Little Manila Rising started the ethnic studies-based Us History after-school program at Edison High School in Stockton, California through the Sierra Health Foundation’s Leadership Development for Racial Equity grant. The tagline was: “Putting ‘us’ back into U.S. History.” The program met once a week through the 2016-2017 school year focused on Mexican American, African American, and Filipino American histories and cultures (the three largest ethnic groups on campus).

Through the year units included the Chicano Movement, Black Feminist Theory, the practice of redlining, the destruction of two local ethnic communities of El Barrio Del Chivo and Little Manila due to freeway development, issues facing the undocumented community, a know your rights workshop, the struggle for ethnic studies in Arizona, history of the Third World Liberation Front, Stockton history, a Dia De Los Muertos workshop, Asian American politics, the Black Lives Matter movement, and a presentation on public service from the Mayor of Stockton Michael Tubbs. Over the course of the school year, the program served 74 students with an average attendance of 16 students per week representing nine schools.

On April 11, 2017, the Stockton Unified School District Board of Trustees voted 7-0 in favor of adopting Ethnic Studies at all SUSD high schools as an elective.

Engagement Strategies

Outreach included paper flyers posted in classrooms and social media posts on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook. But essential to launching the program was a field trip to San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) to visit their ethnic studies classes. In preparation for Us History, teachers organized a field trip to observe how SFUSD implemented ethnic studies as a Freshman requirement. This allowed students to understa nd what ethnic studies was and produce excitement among other students by word of mouth . S tudents attended the Stockton Unified School District Board of Trustees meeting to advocate for the class. They spoke about what Ethnic Studies meant to them and what it could mean for their community if it was part of their school’s curriculum.


Us History is now in its second year and the group is eager to implement the improvements from the lessons learned in year one.

  • The addition of more educators to provide greater diversity in our programming.
  • Acknowledging that students cannot attend every week due to other school events and activities such as sports and employment. Now each workshop will be self-contained. In the past we would address topics over the course of two to three workshops leaving students who did not attend regularly feeling out-of-the-loop.
  • Inclusion of LGBT+ inclusive culture and issues awareness into our curriculum.
  • Promotion of upcoming workshops through the Remind group texting service for our students.
  • Implementation of better student evaluations through use of online forms.

“As a foster youth, I come from a really long personal history of not knowing. Well, Ethnic Studies has broadened my view of the world. It helped me establish who I am, my past, and who my ancestors were.”

“In Us History, we were more than educated. We were empowered by our legacy and the legacy of others… It is a privilege that my siblings, my colleagues, and teens, in general, should also have.”

“Here I am today speaking on behalf of my ethnic studies program, proud to say I am Celin , a prideful Asian American empowered with the knowledge that I have gained. Malcolm X once said, ‘If you don’t stand for something you will fall for anything…’ I learned to be a positive Stocktonian and to be proud of my roots. I learned the importance of community and why we should always take the opportunity of its improvement… When do you ever hear words like ‘miscegenation, diaspora, normalization, or colonization’ in your everyday history classes? Grant SUSD schools Ethnic Studies now!”

The local Worimi Aborigines knew Stockton as 'burrinbingon'. It was a popular destination because of the rich supplies of fish, pippies and oysters.

Cycling around Stockton
It is hard to imagine a better place to cycle by the sea than Stockton. There are numerous designated cycleways, the area is beautifully flat, and the changing scenery from the Breakwater to views across to Newcastle's CBD to pleasant journeys along the banks of the Hunter River is ideal for everyone from the committed cyclist to family holidays.

The Shipwreck Walk and Stockton's Maritime History
Stockton is a maritime suburb. The Shipwreck Walk runs along the foreshore in both directions from the ferry terminal. Heading up river it reaches the Ballast Ground where sailing ships deposited their ballast before loading up at the port. Towards Stockton Beach it heads towards Pirate Point and out on the Shipwreck Walk Breakwater where the hulks of visible wrecks have been incorporated into the structure. Across the water it is easy to identify Nobbys Head and the lighthouse.

Birdwatching at Stockton
Located north of Stockton Bridge, this is possibly the best area in New South Wales to view large numbers of migratory wading birds. It is part of Kooragang Nature Reserve, a designated "Ramsar" site for its significance for migratory wading birds. Kooragang Wetland Rehabilitation Project and the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service manage the site. Some 34 species of migratory waders flock to the Hunter estuary in their hundreds and thousands between October and April. They include Pacific golden plover, eastern curlew, common greenshank, marsh sandpiper, Terek sandpiper, bar-tailed godwit, black-tailed godwit, red knot, red-necked stint, sharp-tailed sandpiper and curlew sandpiper. Two species of migratory tern, the white winged tern and common tern also occur at Kooragang Island. They build up fat reserves, eating delicacies found on and in mudflats of Fullerton Cove at low tide. At high tide they roost on nearby high ground, particularly along the Stockton dykes and sand spit conserving energy for the long flight north to Siberia and northern Asia. There is an excellent, downloadable brochure - http://www.hcr.cma.nsw.gov.au/kooragang/KWRP_information_brochure.pdf - which focuses on the Kooragang Wetlands on Ash Island and the Kooragang Wetlands Information Centre. There are a number of walks through the wetlands all of which can start at the Information Centre.

Heritage Buildings
There is little to appeal to those interested in historic buildings with the notable exceptions of the slipway and boat harbour opposite the Boatrowers Hotel at 130 Fullerton Road the old Police Station which dates from around 1882 St Pauls Church and old Rectory at 34a Maitland Street and the gracious "The Laurels", located at 46 Fullerton Street on the corner of King Street, which was built by William Quigley in 1897. The architect was Ralph Snowball who was also a brilliant early photographer of Newcastle and the district. Check out https://www.flickr.com/photos/uon/sets/72157608912691810/

Stockton Beach and Tin City
Stockton Beach is one of the state's little known wonders. It stretches from the breakwater at the mouth of the Hunter River for 33 km up the coast to Port Stephens. With the largest sand dunes in the Southern Hemisphere (and they really are massive), Stockton Beach is a popular spot for sand board riding and 4WD tours. The arc of the beach is tempting to visitors who want to walk and walk. Among the sand dunes is the famous Tin City, reputedly built as a base for shipwrecked sailors although some believe that the shacks were built by homeless men during the 1930s Depression. The easiest way to access this remarkable collection of eleven buildings is to drive along Stockton Beach. This can only be achieved in a 4WD. Tin City was used to shoot a number of scenes in the 1979 movie Mad Max. The houses have no power, no water and no sewerage. They are also prone to being covered by the shifting sands of the area. Writing about the place for the Newcastle Herald, Tim Elliot observed: "Then there's the sea. Erosion of the frontal dune has become so bad that when the tide is high and surf big, waves rush up and into the huts.
"All of this is, of course, part of Tin City's charm. It's not just surreal, it's post-apocalyptically surreal, from the half-buried shacks and the wind that goes shooshooshoooo in your ear to the Sahara-like dunes that tower over the shacks to the west, dunes so gargantuan that when the photographer and I start walking up them in order to 'get some perspective' we give up after 20 minutes, having only ascended one quarter of their height.
"These dunes have secrets. One day in the 1980s, [one of the residents] found the half-buried skeleton of an Aboriginal girl. There are also ancient Aboriginal middens, dotted throughout the sandy swales, white shoals of sun-bleached shells periodically uncovered by the wind. Some of them date back 1200 years. Then, a jet fighter will scream overhead, on a training run from nearby Williamtown air force base." Check out http://www.theherald.com.au/story/2013518/welcome-to-tin-city-stockton/ for the full story. If you want to see what the dunes actually look like check out http://www.worimiconservationlands.com/ which has a 3 minute video which explains the connection of the Woremi people with the land and shows the scale of the dunes. There is also a useful, downloadable map of the beach. It shows that access to the beach can be had at Lavis Lane off Cabbage Tree Road and Gan Gan Road off Nelson Bay Road.

Stockton, which is strategically located on a peninsula at the mouth of the Hunter River, is a fisherman's paradise with the Hunter River, Stockton Beach, Newcastle Harbour and deep sea fishing all being easily accessible. It is regarded by many anglers as one of the best fishing areas in New South Wales. Certainly the small number of men who live at Tin City manage to eke a reliable food supply from fishing in the ocean.


This group is dedicated to remembering and preserving Stockton's rich cultural past. The purpose of the group is to share information and activities related to Stockton history. Please stay on topic and avoid … Ещё extended personal chatting with another, plagiarism, crassness, profanity, name calling, rude or insulting statements directed at another member, and no blocking of an admin so that they cannot perform their moderator duties. All advertising, posts not related to Stockton History will be deleted and the member may be removed from the group. We are not a debate group. Please check your political and religious beliefs at the door. Also, Big Block Text and Memes are not allowed

We, the administrators and other members look forward to your posts and comments about one of the most colorful and historical cities in California our City of Stockton!


Rhondda Nunes ‎Stockton History

This group is dedicated to remembering and preserving Stockton's rich cultural past. The purpose of the group is to share information and activities related to Stockton history. Please stay on topic and avoid extended personal chatting with another, plagiarism, crassness, profanity, name calling, rude or insulting statements directed at another … Ещё member, and no blocking of an admin so that they cannot perform their moderator duties.

All advertising, posts not related to Stockton History may be deleted and the member may be removed from the group. We are not a debate group admins and moderators reserve the right to remove posts and comments at any time that violate the spirit of the tenets of… Ещё

Leslie Sanders ‎Stockton History

Glen Pitts ‎Stockton History

Before there was San Joaquin Delta College, there was Stockton College. Anyone having anything to do with music, knew Arthur J. Holton One of the greatest music directors in Stockton. Here is a cut from a … Ещё record made in 1960. It's now 61 years ago and still sounding great. Click the link to hear it on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SdGzNUxzSEk

Lawrence D. Borgens задал вопрос .

What pipeline is buried next to March Lane and runs through Stockton east to west? I think it's a water pipeline but who owns it and where does it come from & where does it go? . And why do they get to put their pipe through the middle of our town?

Roger Hirsch ‎Stockton History

from the 6.11.48 Stockton Record.

Rodney Leingang поделился ссылкой.

This should answer all Question ..


Mokelumne Aqueduct

Joe Simard ‎Stockton History

How many remember when the fire works were held at Yosemite Lake

Floyd Perry Jr задал вопрос .

This is from my 1965 Stockton Telephone Book.
I didnt realize there was a location of Tabuchi's Department Store in East Stockton in addition to Downtown?

Ron Isetti ‎Stockton History

Stele of David Smith Terry and grave of Sarah Althea Hill Terry in the Stockton Rural Cemetery.

Rick Cardoza ‎Stockton History

Jog my memory. In the late 70'S there was a Disco bar/restaurant where Arroyo's is today on Quail Lakes Blvd. off of west March Lane on the lakefront. I believe it was called Epaminonda's correct me if I'm wrong. It was the first restaurant that occupied the newly built building.

Floyd Perry Jr задал вопрос .

Everyone knows that the longtime location of the Owl Drug Store was in Downtown Stockton at 501 East Main Street at the Northeast corner of Main & California Streets until they closed in 1960 but did anyone … Ещё know that they had a second location in North Stockton?
Apparently the Park Woods Pharmacy was an Owl Drug Store too or at least affiliated with the Owl Drug Store chain.
Image from the 1965 Stockton Telephone Book.

Rodney Leingang поделился ссылкой.


Hetch Hetchy Water and Power System

Bobbi Ross ‎Stockton History

Does anyone else remember swimming at oak park pool for 10 cents? And the kiddy pool that was there in the 50's? Wonderful memories. And oak park playland where ice rink is now

Matthew Marcus McCann ‎Stockton History

A new item I recently acquired, a badge from the Salvation Army here in Stockton dated May 6, 1911, makes this badge 110 years old. 

Floyd Perry Jr ‎Stockton History

Not sure how many members here remember the suburban flight of the 1960's, when major national retailers moved north from Downtown. I only have the years. Not the exact dates (yet).
Sears Roebuck & Co made the first move in 1964 followed by Breuners.
In 1965, Montgomery Wards moved.
In 1966, Weinstocks moved.
In 1974, JC Penney initially opened … Ещё North at Weberstown Mall while still maintaining its Downtown store though scaling back to mostly clothing. The Downtown store ultimately closed in 1982.
Macy's was being persuaded by the City Of Stockton Redevelopment to anchor the West End Redevelopment in the center (bounded by Main, Center, Market & El Dorado Streets). The entrance of the store was going to be the Main Street Pedestrian Mall with offsite parking across it. (What turned out to be a sunken parking lot. Now the Eberhardt Building). But Stone Brothers was able to lure Macys north to Pacific Ave in 1965.

The Spence Bequest has some of the best examples of weaponry in the North of England, if not the country.

His collection spans from the Stone Age to the early 20th Century and includes hundreds of edged weapons and firearms. There are also a unique set of watercolours painted by Spence himself at the Front during the First World War.

Exhibition Officer Chris Young has spent a good degree of time researching and studying this collection and over the years new stories have come to light and are ready to be shared with the community Spence served and loved.

Join us ‘virtually’ on Wednesday 19 May from 1pm. For further details and free booking, click here!

Watch the video: Stocktons history of gang violence (June 2022).


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